World War I - Learner Guides
Please find a selection of resources below.
Jelly Babies or Peace Babies
The sweets were originally called ‘unclaimed babies’, invented in 1864 by an Austrian man working at Fryers of Lancashire. In 1918 they were produced by Bassett’s in Sheffield as ‘Peace Babies’ to mark the end of World War I. Production was suspended during World War II due to wartime shortages. In 1953 the product was relaunched as ‘Jelly Babies’. In March 1989 Bassett&'s were taken over by Cadbury-Schweppes.
The Christmas Truce
By Christmas 1914 soldiers from the Allied and German armies had dug-in along a trench system reaching from Switzerland to the North Sea. On Christmas Eve the guns fell silent. The following morning - Christmas Day - troops on both sides climbed from their trenches and met together in No-Man's-Land, between the battle lines. They shared drinks, played football, embraced, exchanged presents and sang carols. This spontaneous truce was observed in several places along the Western Front, but by no means everywhere. The following day - Boxing Day - the fighting began once again.
A soldier writes in his diary about the events of the famous Christmas Truce during the first year of World War 1. The truce begins with the guns falling silent on Christmas Eve, a solitary German soldier singing 'Stille Nacht' and the British soldiers joining in with 'Silent Night' from their trenches. Please click on the picture link.